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Deaths in Sport and Genotype Characteristics

Every death is too early to occur.

The various deaths of professional athletes, that have occurred in recent years, unfortunately start a series of debates on professional sport as well as worrying discussions.

Meetings and good intentions still doesn't lead to any results or positive outcomes and funeral ceremonies are trapped in the meaningfulness.

Recently, Fiorentina's captain Davide Astori and 18-year-old French football player Thomas Rodriguez died as a result of an heart attack: it was a painful event to end their lives this way as a sort of price to pay in their path and desire to fulfill dreams, passions and responsibilities.

Today, the contribution and the increasing in influence of science within the sport sector brings with them some great advantages in terms of improving the quality of life and protecting the athlete's health.

Unfortunately all the ethical values in today's sport ​​are corrupted by several factors including but not limited to the demands of the sponsors, commissions of the managers and the advertising concerns of the media.

The pressure of sport as a show business and the status of athletes as assets recalls the fights of gladiators in the arena, which inevitably ended with unconditional deaths.

Nowadays scientific studies have begun to reveal the future values ​​of living conditions by explaining all their details through the genetic codes that provide the keys of human existence.

The validity of scientific discoveries only vanishes when its error is proved: all the interpretations that reject these validations are merely a reflection of personal hostility and personal interest concerns through feudal reactions.

While club owners and managers are expecting the best performances from their top players, they will have their insurance claims: these include the responsibility of the clubs, coaches and the public.

The most important aspect of genetic testing in sport is that athletes are properly trained according to the ethical values: that's where science comes in.

If sports is an industry, then the main feature of an industry is the correct coding of production and this would be the most ethical value for an athlete.

When the dynamics of science is taken as a starting point, it becomes easier to correctly define the anatomical characteristics of the body and properly design training contents and methods: this process serves as an health insurance for the athlete as well.

Each player's has a different neuromuscular and cardiovascular structure, a different capacity to carry and use oxygen and a different regeneration timing.

All these data are coded in every athlete through the genes, which are scientifically validated and easy to obtain today thanks to the advances in science and technology.

Because of all these individual differences, using the same training load for every athlete has serious disadvantages both from a methodological aspect and for the safety of the player. It's not scientifically ethical.

If each athlete has different genotypes and we are now able to obtain these detailed information, then each individual athlete of a team must be trained according to the analysis of the genotype it has: intensity, duration, rest periods, number of repetitions, timing of recovery/regeneration and caloric intake, all this forms the basis of genotype differences.

The value of genetic testing is now becoming an urgency, it is necessary to have scientific data to be applied to different loading programs according to different genotypes and it's fundamental to have medical and technical staff properly trained in data analysis and inerpretation. It's a question of life safety and responsibility.

Muslum Gulhan is a football coach and former professional football player from Turkey.

Born in Erzincan in 1964, Muslum played for Çenegelköy (1984-1988), Fenerbahçe (19881990) and Giresunspor (1990-1993) as a professional player for 10 years.

He graduated in Physical Education at Marmara University in 1988 and he obtained his Master's Degree in Business Administration from Haliç University in 2015.

In 2005, he successfully completed the coaching course "International Coaching License" organized by FA (England Football Federation) in the UK.

Since 2001, he has worked as a football coach at Haliç University until 2008. Between 2008 and 2015, she founded the Higher Education School of Physical Education and Sports at Haliç University, and served as the Founding Manager until 2015.

In 2011, he organized the 9th Inter-University Football Championship in Istanbul.Between 2015-2017 he worked as Sports Director at TED Sports Club.

In 2018, he wrote the book yayın Çocuk ve Spor (Children and Sports).


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